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小学二年级自然科学常识课白蚁

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小学二年级常识课 白蟻 Life Cycle 生命周期 Young Termite King and Queen 年幼的白蟻皇/后 Termite Queen 白蟻后 Termite King 白蟻皇 Mature Termite Queen 成熟的白蟻后 Can you tell the length of this termite queen? 你知 道這隻白蟻后身體有幾 長? 2cm Alate 飛白蟻 Can you tell the body structure of Alates? 你 知道飛白蟻的身體結構 嗎? Head 頭 Abdomen 腹 Wings 翅膀 Alate 飛白蟻 Do you know the responsibility of Alates? 你知道飛 白蟻的責任是什麼 嗎? ANSWER答案 To expand the termite colony during the swarming season 在繁殖季節 時擴大白蟻社群 Soldier 兵蟻 Do you know the responsibility of Soldiers? 你知道兵 蟻的責任是什麼嗎? ANSWER答案 ? Defend the colony 保衛家園 ? Fight against other aggressors. 對抗其他侵略者 Do you know the responsibility of Workers? 你知道工 蟻的責任是什麼嗎? ANSWER答案 ?Build up a nest 築巢 ?Find the food 找食物 ?Look after the queen, larva and eggs 照顧白 蟻后, 白蟻幼蟲, 白蟻蛋 Worker 工蟻 Do you know what they are? 你知道這是什麼嗎? They are termite eggs這是白蟻蛋 What will you see in a termite nest? 在白蟻巢中你會看到…… Workers are looking after the termite eggs工蟻在照顧白蟻蛋 Soldiers are protecting the workers and the termite eggs 兵蟻在保護工蟻和白蟻蛋 Termite mud tubing 白蟻路 Since termites do not have shell to protect themselves, they cannot expose to air or else they will die within two hours due to dehydration. Therefore they need to make “mud tubes” to keep the moisture and forage under it. 由於白蟻沒有殼保護其身體, 故此牠們不能長時間暴露於空 氣中,否則牠們會在兩小時內 因脫水而死,所以牠們需要築 起“蟻路”以保持濕度,並以 蟻路作為尋找食物的隧道。 Foraging route 尋找食物路線 Termites can forage (wood as food) for a distance of 500 feet from the colony. They may get into our houses through water pipes as they provides moisture to termites. 白蟻能夠離 開巢穴五百呎尋找食 物(木)。由於白蟻需 要水份,牠們往往通 過水管進入我們家裡。 Where can you find the termite mud tubing? 你在什麼地方可找到白蟻路? Bottom of the doorframe 門框底部 Pavilion in the playground 遊 樂場的休憩亭 Where can you find the termite mud tubing? 你在什麼地方可找到白蟻路? Surface of the wooden wall 木牆表面 Surface outside the water tank 天台水箱外 的位置 What damages will termite make? 白蟻會造成什麼破壞? ?The wooden floor swells up 木地板 會拱起 ?The wooden floor gets black 木地 板變黑 The surface of the wooden floor becomes as thin as a paper 木地 板的表面變得像紙一樣薄 What damages will termite make? 白蟻會造成什麼破壞? ?Damage is found on the doorframe 對門框造成破壞 ?The doorframe gets black 門 框變黑 Damage is found on the baseboard 對地腳線造成 破壞 What damages will termite make? 白蟻會造成什麼破壞? Termites damage the inner part of the tree 對樹木造成破壞 Termites damage the intercom of the building 對大廈對講機造成破壞 What would you do if you found termites at home? 假如家裡發現白蟻,你會怎樣處理? 1. Use Insecticide? 用殺蟲劑? NO 2. Use Ant Powder? 用螞蟻粉? 3. Fire the termites? 燒白蟻? 4. Use



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